Navigating high school AND planning for college at the same time can be tricky.
There’s lots to consider and there are some things it’s just, well, pretty essential to understand so that you are:
Academically prepared for college and
Setting yourself up to be ready to take advantage of many options.
So I’d like to give you a hand with that.
Here are some of the top questions that I get from families about preparing for college while still in high school.
The process definitely has subjectivity in it, but there are certain things that are almost always going to carry most weight with college acceptances. These are:
The rigor of high school courses (rigor = AP, IB and/or Honors classes)
GPA in grades 9-12 (some 8th grade classes may count as part of your high school GPA)
SAT or ACT scores (unless the college is “test-optional” - though in most cases even test optional colleges care about test scores & they definitely matter in terms of getting the best financial aid package from a school)
Well-written, authentic essays
Strong teacher recommendations (from teachers math, science, language arts, social studies, or foreign language classes)
Stuff students do outside of the classroom (sports, theater, science clubs and other school-based OR non-school based extracurricular activities)
And of course, it depends on the selectivity of the college.
More selective colleges are going to want to see more rigor in the curriculum. Speaking of selectivity….
This varies... wildly.
But first, a “selective” college is a college that accepts a fairly small percent of students who apply. The lower the percentage, the more selective the school is.
Stanford is a super selective college -- in 2019 they accepted just 5% of applicants.
On the opposite end are schools like Evergreen State College (in WA state) - in 2019 they accepted 98% of students who applied.
A small group of highly selective schools admits less than a third of applicants.
But most colleges admit over 50% of applicants. That means that your chances at the vast majority of colleges may actually be quite promising.
The average acceptance rate for all four-year colleges in the U.S. is about 66 percent (according to a 2018 report from the National Association for College Admissions Counseling).
Most high schools will put 8th grade core classes on their transcript. Check with your high school to see if they will. It's typically up to the student to request that the 8th grade course be listed on the high school transcript, so you need to be proactive in getting that done. If they high school won't list the 8th grade course on the official transcript the student can explain and list her grades in the "additional info" section on the college application.
Different colleges will look at GPA differently, there's not a set standard.
Most colleges however, will strip away the weighting that's been given to AP, IB and/or Honors courses so that they can compare apples to apples (since not all high schools weight grades).
Importantly, most colleges recalculate student's GPAs. This means they take away all non-academic courses (such as PE, music, art) and use just the solid academic courses to calculate your GPA. The academic solids are: math, science, English, social studies, and foreign language.
What matters to colleges is that the student’s interests are genuine.
Enrolling in every activity under the sun as a way to “look good “ to colleges is a game that can be pretty evident to admissions officers reading applications… and it’s not highly regarded!
Does your student have to be “passionate” about their hobbies? No. Most 17 year olds have not found their "passion".
It’s fine to be involved in many activities; that’s usually how we learn what we truly enjoy.
However, admissions officers might like to see that a student has had sustained involvement in at least one activity. This shows commitment and, when a student stays with something for awhile, they usually grow from the involvement.
It doesn't matter what activities the student pursues and the activities don’t have to be school-based.
If your kid bakes and decorate cakes for a hobby and can show that he's done that consistently over time, and express why this is a joy, or is meaningful, how it contributes to his life or that of others… that counts!
Yes! There are hundreds of wonderful colleges across the country. And, as mentioned above, most of them accept a fairly high percentage of applicants.
Getting Bs won't prevent students from being accepted at excellent schools.
Of course, the better the grades, the more college options a student will have and frankly, THE MORE AFFORDABLE IT WILL BE. That's because merit-based tuition discounts are linked to good grades.
If your student is still in the early years of high school you will definitely want to encourage him to make the next few years strong (and know that an upward trend in grades - getting better over time - is impressive to colleges).
That means taking the most challenging courses she can handle, being sure to take five academic solids each semester (math, science, English, social studies, and foreign language).
Keep in mind that the stronger the student's academic profile, the more likely she will be to qualify for financial aid (both merit and need based aid).
College affordability alone is a great reason for students to do their very best in high school!
If you'd like more help with college admissions, consider the first step (for most of us), which is learning how to make college more affordable.
Hope this has been helpful!
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